subhash Chandra Bose gave famous slogans like ‘You give in blood, I will give you freedom’ and ‘Jai Hind’, passed the examination of the Indian Administrative Service, was elected President of the Congress in 1938 and 1939, formed the Forward Bloc in 1939, Established the ‘Azad Hind Fauj’ to expel the British from the country.
Subhash Chandra Bose is also called ‘Netaji’. He was a prominent leader of the Indian freedom struggle. Although much credit is given to Mahatma Gandhi and Nehru for their contribution to the independence of the country, but the contribution of Subhash Chandra Bose was not less than anyone.
Subhash Chandra Bose bron
He received a degree in philosophy from the Scottish Church College, Calcutta. At the same time, he was being admitted to the army He too tried to enlist in the army but was disqualified due to poor eyes. He was a follower of Swami Vivekananda. In 1919, according to the wishes of his family, he went to England to prepare for the Indian Administrative Service.
He applied for the Indian Administrative Service in 1920 and not only got success in this examination but he also secured the fourth position. He became very distraught at the massacre of Jallianwala Bagh and resigned from the administrative service in 1921. After coming back to India, Netaji came in contact with Gandhiji and joined the Indian National Congress. He started working with Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das as instructed by Gandhiji.
He later described Chittaranjan Das as his political mentor. Subhash very soon joined the main leaders of the Congress with his wisdom and hard work. When the Simon Commission came in 1928, the Congress opposed it and showed black flags. In 1928, the annual Congress session was held in Kolkata under the chairmanship of Motilal Nehru. In this session, the British government was given one year to give ‘Dominion status’. During that time Gandhiji did not agree with the demand for complete Swaraj.
At the same time, Subhash and Jawaharlal Nehru did not agree to back down from the demand of complete swaraj. In 1930 he formed the Independence League. During the Civil Disobedience Movement of 1930, Subhash was arrested and sent to jail. He was released in 1931 after the Gandhi-Irwin Pact. Subhash opposed the Gandhi-Irwin pact and was not happy with the decision to stop the ‘Civil Disobedience’ movement.
Subhash was soon jailed again under the ‘Bengal Act’. During this time, he had to stay in jail for about a year and later due to illness he was released from jail. He was sent from India to Europe. There, he established centers in several cities to enhance political and cultural relations between India and Europe. Despite his ban on coming to India, he came to India and as a result he had to go to jail for 1 year.
After the elections of 1937, the Congress Party came to power in 7 states and Subhash was released after that. Shortly thereafter, Subhash was elected President at the Haripura Session of Congress (1938). During his tenure, Subhash formed the ‘National Planning Committee’. Subhash was re-elected president in the 1939 Tripuri session. This time Subhash was facing Pattabhi Sitaramaiya. Sitaramaiya had full support of Gandhiji, yet Subhash won the election by 203 votes.
During this time, the clouds of the Second World War were also falling and Subhash gave the British an ultimatum to leave the country in 6 months. Subhash’s attitude was also opposed by other people of the Congress including Gandhiji, due to which he resigned from the post of President and established the ‘Forward Block’.
Subhash strongly opposed the use of India’s resources in the Second World War by the British and started a mass movement against it. His movement was getting tremendous support from the public.
Therefore, he was imprisoned in Kolkata and kept under house arrest. In January 1941, Subhash managed to escape from his home and reached Germany via Afghanistan. In view of the notion that ‘enemy’s enemy is friend’, he called for help from Germany and Japan to expel British rule from India. In January 1942, he started broadcasting from Radio Berlin, which encouraged the people of India.
In 1943, he came to Singapore from Germany. Arriving in East Asia, he took command of the ‘Freedom Movement’ from Ras Bihari Bose and started the war preparations by forming the Azad Hind Fauj. The Azad Hind Fauj was established by the Japanese army primarily with Indian armies held by the British forces. Subhash came to be called ‘Netaji’.
Now Azad Hind Fauj started moving towards India and firstly liberated Andaman and Nicobar. The Azad Hind Fauj crossed the border of Burma and arrived on Indian soil on 18 March 1944.
With the defeat of Japan and Germany in the Second World War, the dream of Azad Hind Fauj could not be fulfilled.
Subhash Chandra Bose death
It is believed that he died in a plane crash in Taiwan on 18 August 1945 but no evidence of his accident could be found. The death of Subhash Chandra is still a matter of controversy and Indian history is the biggest doubt.