Indian Kokila Sarojini Naidu is the name of the immortal soul who has contributed significantly to the struggle for India’s independence. Sarojini Naidu was one of the revolutionary women who has struggled a lot to secure freedom for slave India.
Let us tell you that Sarojini Naidu was not only a good politician and a great freedom fighter, but she was a feminist, poet and a great speaker of her time. The big luminaries were also enchanted by listening to them. Apart from this, she was the first President of the Indian National Congress.
With this, she was the first Indian woman to be appointed as the Governor of Uttar Pradesh, India. He has been an active participant in the Indian independence movement.
They are also called the Nightingale of India or the Indian Nightingale. Her poetry includes children’s poems, nature poems, patriotic poems and poems of love and death, but she was famous for writing poems, especially above children.
Most people get lost in their childhood by reading each of their poems or there was a flirtation in their poetry, their poems can also be seen in their childhood. Hence, they are also called ‘Bulbul of India’.
Let me tell you that this great poet had introduced his talent at the age of just 12, everyone was surprised by reading this little girl’s poem, then he started writing articles and poems in big newspapers.
The feeling of patriotism in him was also coddled, which is why Sarojini Naidu called Gandhiji by joining the national movement and collaborated with him in the popular Salt March. Sarojini’s daughter Padmaja also joined the freedom movement and was part of the Quit India movement.
Whenever it comes to the great revolutionary women of India, Sarojini Naidu’s name is first remembered. Sarojini Naidu is a role model for all Indian women.
Table of Contents
sarojini naidu biography
- Full Name Sarojini Naidu
- Born February 13, 1879, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh
- Death March 2, 1949, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh
- Husband Dr. M. Govindarajalu Naidu
- Children Jayasurya, Padmaja Naidu, Randhir and Leelamani
- School Madras University, King’s College London, Garton College, Cambridge
- Citizenship indian
- The award is titled Kesar-e-Hind
- Compositions The Golden Threshold, Bird of Time, Broken Wing
Early life, family and education of great revolutionary woman Sarojini Naidu
Sarojini Naidu, the great revolutionary of India, was born in a Bengali family on 13 February 1879. His father’s name was Aghornath Chattopadhyay, who was a scientist, educationist, doctor and teacher. He founded the Nizam College in Hyderabad.
However his father was later removed from the post of principal. Along with this, he also became the first member of the Indian National Congress Hyderabad. Who quit their jobs and then plunged into the freedom struggle. Freedom fighter Sarojini Naidu’s mother’s name was Varad Sundari Devi, who wrote poems in Bengali.
Let us tell you that Sarojini Naidu had 8 siblings of which she was the eldest. One of his brothers Virendranath Chattopadhyay was a revolutionary who played an important role in the Berlin Committee, who was killed by an Englishman in 1937.
Whereas Sarojini Naidu’s second brother Harindranath Chattopadhyay was a well-known poet, narrator and artist who was also a successful playwriter. At the same time, his sister Sunalini Devi was also a good dancer and actress.
Let us tell you that Sarojini Naidu was a promising student since childhood, who had a good knowledge of Urdu, Telugu, English, Bangla and Persian languages.
He passed the matriculation examination at the young age of just 12 years. He had secured the first position in the Madras Presidency. Let us tell you that Aghornath Chattopadhyay, father of Sarojini Naidu, the great revolutionary woman who committed herself to the country, wanted to become a mathematician or scientist but Sarojini ji was fond of writing poems since childhood.
The quality of writing poems came from his mother in Sarojini. He wrote 1300 lines of poetry in his childhood. His poetry used to impress everyone. At the same time, the Nizam of Hyderabad was also greatly influenced by his poetry and he also gave scholarship to Sarojini Naidu to study abroad.
When she went to England at the age of 16, she first took admission in King’s College London. He then studied at Gritton College, Cambridge. Where he met famous English poets Arthur Simon and Edmund Gosse. Who advised Sarojini ji to write with Indian themes in mind and become an Indian poetess of Deccan (Plateau of South).
After this, the great poet Sarojini was also inspired to incorporate India’s mountains, rivers, temples and social environment in his poetry. At the same time, Sarojini became a great poet of India, who with her poems made a different place in millions of hearts.
Sarojini Naidu’s marriage
Sarojini Naidu, the great poet of India, was studying in England, when she met Govind Rajulu Naidu, when Sarojini fell in love with him. Let me tell you that he had gone to become a Physician in England at that time. On returning to India after completing his studies, Sarojini ji married him at the age of 19 with the blessings of family members.
In the year 1898, he was married in Madras under the Brahmo Marriage Act (1872). He had done inter-caste marriage (ie marriage in another cast) and at that time marrying other castes was not less than a crime because then inter-caste marriage was not recognized in Indian society.
This was a kind of revolutionary step, for which he had to struggle a lot, but his father did not care about the society and gave full support to his fearless and promising daughter Sarojini.
In this way his marital life was successful even after adverse circumstances and by this marriage he had four children Jayasuriya, Padmaja, Randhir and Leelamani. At the same time, Sarojini’s daughter Padaja became a poetess like him. Along with this, she also entered politics and became the Governor of West Bengal in the year 1961.
Sarojini Naidu’s role in political life and freedom struggle
Sarojini was completely different from ordinary women, she always had the courage to do something, so she continued her writing work even after marriage. At the same time, fans of his poems were also gradually increasing and his popularity started increasing. She was a master of writing poetry and had a good understanding of literature.
She used to describe things around her or things related to other subjects including the nature of India through her poems very beautifully.
His poems were very much liked and sung as songs. In the year 1905, his poem Bull Bulle Hind was published, after which Sarojini Ji’s popularity increased even more. After this, he started publishing one poem after another, due to which he made a place for himself among the people.
Let me tell you that great people like Jawaharlal Nehru, Rabindranath Tagore were also included in his list of fans. Sarojini Ji used to write her poems in English as well. His poems also give a unique glimpse of the culture of India.
When the great poet Sarojini Naidu met the great freedom fighter of India Gopal Krishna Gokhale, his life changed a lot. In fact, Gokhale asked Sarojini Naidu to show the strength of his pen in the freedom struggle.
Gokhale also advised the great poet Sarojini to dedicate his intellect and education to the country. Along with this, he also said that he wrote revolutionary poems and encouraged the people of the small village in the freedom struggle, so that the people suffering slavery could breathe peace in independent India and participate in this fight.
After which Sarojini ji thought deeply about Gokhale ji and closed his professional writing and devoted himself completely to politics.
Let us tell you that during the partition of Bengal in 1905, the great revolutionary woman Sarojini Naidu joined the Indian National Movement, while it also hurt her a lot. After that he had decided to join the freedom struggle.
She was constantly trying to be a true patriot for the independence of the country. He roamed all over the country to fill the passion of freedom of the country and he played an important role in developing the spirit of patriotism among the people.
Sarojini Naidu mainly expressed revolutionary ideas to liberate the country within women. Let me tell you that when Sarojini Naidu was sowing the seeds of such revolutionary ideas within women, at that time women used to live within the veil of the four walls of the house.
That is, the position of women was very backward at that time. In such a situation, women were not even allowed to participate in the freedom struggle, even if they were out of the house.
In such a situation, it was no less than a big challenge for Sarojini ji to get women out of the kitchen and to participate in the freedom struggle of the country, but Sarojini ji in a very effective way to get women to come forward in the freedom struggle of the country. Was encouraged.
She went from village to village explaining her rights to women and encouraged them to move forward with their ideas. Along with this, he also raised his optimism for women empowerment and their rights.
In the year 1916, when she met Mahatma Gandhi, the father of India, she was very impressed with his thoughts and her thinking completely changed. Sarojini began to consider Mahatma Gandhi as his ideal, he took his inspiration from Gandhiji and used his full strength to liberate the country.
In the year 1919, the Rowlatt Act was passed by the brutal British rulers, under which the possession of treason documents was considered illegal, then Mahatma Gandhi led the non-cooperation movement against this act.
In which Sarojini Naidu gave full support to Gandhiji and followed Gandhi’s peaceful policy and non-violent ideas. Apart from this, he also supported other movements like Montagu-Chelmsford Reform, Khilafat Movement, Treaty of Sabarmati, Satyagraha and Civil Disobedience Movement.
Not only this, she also went to jail with Gandhiji in the Civil Disobedience Movement. In the Quit India Movement of 1942, he also had to stay in jail for 21 months, during which he also had to face many kinds of torture. Thus he spent many days in jail during the freedom struggle and performed the duty of a true patriot.
Sarojini Naidu as President and Governor of National Congress
The unprecedented contribution made by Sarojini Naidu in the freedom struggle and his participation in the freedom struggle had a profound impact on the common people. During this time, his popularity had increased even more.
At the same time, his views also influenced the first Prime Minister of independent India, Jawaharlal Nehru. At the same time, in the year 1925, he was appointed as the President of the Congress session, seeing the talent of Sarojini. After which she went to South Africa in 1932 as the representative of India.
Let me tell you that Sarojini Naidu, the revolutionary woman of India in those days, played an important role in presenting the nuances of the non-violent struggle by Indians for India’s independence.
Not only this, he traveled not only to Europe but also to the United States to spread Gandhian principles and became the first Governor (Governor) of Uttar Pradesh after India’s independence.
Along with this, let us also tell you that she was the first female governor of independent India. Sarojini Naidu, who became the Governor of the largest state of the country, performed her political duties with her noble thoughts and proud behavior, for which she is remembered even today.
Death of Sarojini Naidu
On March 2, 1949, Sarojini Naidu, a great freedom fighter and beloved disciple of Mahatma Gandhi, who fought hard for the country’s independence, suffered a heart attack and died while working in the office.
And thus he devoted his entire life to the service of the country. Sarojini Naidu ji had also earned a lot of fame and respect in her life. With this, she became an inspiration for the people.
At the same time, on 13 February 1964, the Government of India issued a daktikat of 15 new money in his honor on the occasion of the birth anniversary of Sarojini.
Sarojini Naidu’s literary contribution
Sarojini Naidu not only gained fame as a great revolutionary and a good politician, but she was also known as a good poet.
Who not only created revolutionary ideas within the people through his poems, but also gave unique interpretation of Indian culture. She was a lord of children’s literature who was famous as a child prodigy.
Not only this, he was honored as Bharat Kokila (Nightingale of India) because of his beautiful poems and songs.
Let me tell you that in the year 1905, his collection of poems was published with the title “Golden Threshold”. After this he also published his 2 other publications “The Bird of Time” and “The Broken Wings”.
Which was not only liked by the people of India, but this book was also liked by a large number of readers in England and after that he was recognized as a powerful writer.
In addition to poems, renowned poetess Sarojini ji wrote some articles and essays like “Words of Freedom” which was based on her political views, besides she raised social issues like women empowerment through her books, which has deepened in society Had an effect. The Feather of the Dawn was edited and published by his daughter Padmaja in 1961.
Some of his other literature is “The Bird of Time: Song of Life, Death and the Spring, The Broken Wing: Song of Love, Death and Spring, Muhammad Jinnah: An Ambassador of Unity, The Septred Flute: Songs of India, Allahabad: Kitabistan , The Indian Weavers, Feast of Youth, The Magic Tree and the Wizard Mask are also well known and well known. Also, some of his poems can also be sung because of the beautiful and rhythmic words.
Sarojini Naidu History
- 1 At the age of 13, Sarojini wrote a 1200-volume block titled A Lady of Lake.
- 2 In 1918, he served as the President of the Madras Provincial Conference.
- 3 In 1919, a member of the delegation of the All India Homeland people came to visit England with this right.
- 4 In 1930 Mahatma Gandhi started the Civil Disobedience Movement. The ‘Salt Satyagraha’ of Dharsana, Gujarat, was led by Sarojini Naidu with great patience.
- 5 He participated in the ‘Chale Jav’ movement of 1942 and went to jail.
- 6 In 1947, he made the presidency of the Asiatic Council held in Delhi.
- 7 In 1947, he was elected as the first Governor of Uttar Pradesh in independent India.
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